Penang is a state of Malaysia located on the northwest coast of Peninsular Malaysia, by the Strait of Malacca. It comprises two parts —Penang Island, where the capital city, George Town, is located, and Seberang Perai (formerly Province Wellesley in English) on the Malay Peninsula. The state of Penang is bordered by Kedah to the north and east, and Perak to the south.
Highly urbanised and industrialised, Penang is one of the most developed and economically important states in the country, as well as a thriving tourist destination. George Town, which was founded by the British in 1786, is currently a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Penang has the third-highest Human Development Index in Malaysia, after the state of Selangor and the federal territory of Kuala Lumpur. Its heterogeneous population is highly diverse in ethnicity, culture, language and religion. A resident of Penang is colloquially known as a Penangite (in English) or a Penang Lang (in Penang Hokkien).
The current flag of Penang has been adopted since 1949. The Penang flag consists of three vertical stripes of equal width; the left stripe is light blue, the central stripe is white and the right stripe is yellow. An areca nut palm tree (pokok pinang in Malay), from which Penang Islandtakes its name, stands in the middle of the central white stripe. The light blue stands for the sea that surrounds Penang Island. The white colour signifies the serenity in the state of Penang, while the yellow stripe represents prosperity. The flag's ratio is specified at 1:2 (height to width ratio).
Penang Island enjoys a warm equatorial climate just like any other parts of Malaysia. However, being an island, its temperature is often higher than the mainland, with temperatures reaching as high as 35°C during the day. In general, temperatures range between 29°C - 35°C during the day and 26°C - 29°C during the night, with the months June to August being the hottest.